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## Who Holds the Record for Highest Skydive?

Introduction:
Skydiving, the adrenaline-pumping activity of jumping from an aircraft and freefalling towards the ground, has captured the imaginations of thrill-seekers around the world. Over the decades, skilled skydivers have continuously pushed the boundaries of the sport, reaching remarkable heights in their pursuit of setting new records. The record for the highest skydive remains a coveted achievement, a testament to human determination and technological innovation.

### Record-Setting Skydives:

1. Alan Eustace (2014)

Altitude: 135,890 feet (41,423 meters)
Location: Roswell, New Mexico, USA
Capsule: StratEx capsule

Alan Eustace, a Google executive and balloonist, claimed the record for the highest skydive in 2014. He ascended in a helium-filled StratEx capsule, reaching an altitude of over 135,000 feet. After a 4-minute ascent, Eustace initiated the freefall, breaking the sound barrier in the process. He deployed his parachute at 11,000 feet and safely landed after a 15-minute descent.

2. Red Bull Stratos Project (2012)

Altitude: 128,100 feet (39,045 meters)
Location: Roswell, New Mexico, USA
Capsule: Red Bull Stratos capsule

The Red Bull Stratos Project, led by Felix Baumgartner, made headlines in 2012 with its groundbreaking skydive. Baumgartner ascended in a pressurized capsule, reaching an altitude of 128,100 feet. He set several records during his jump, including the record for the highest freefall and the first supersonic freefall by a human.

3. Joe Kittinger (1960)

Altitude: 102,800 feet (31,333 meters)
Location: Roswell, New Mexico, USA
Capsule: Excelsior III capsule

In 1960, Captain Joe Kittinger, a U.S. Air Force pilot, made history with his record-setting skydive from the Excelsior III capsule. Kittinger reached an altitude of 102,800 feet and endured a nearly 14-minute freefall. His jump paved the way for future high-altitude skydives and provided valuable data on the physiological effects of extreme altitudes.

### Technological Advancements in Record-Breaking Skydives:

The record-breaking skydives mentioned above were made possible by significant technological advancements.

Pressurized Capsules: The StratEx and Red Bull Stratos capsules were designed to maintain a pressurized environment for the divers, allowing them to safely ascend to extreme altitudes.
Custom-Designed Suits: Specialized suits with multiple layers of fabric and sophisticated ventilation systems were developed to protect the divers from extreme temperatures and pressure.
Advanced Parachutes: High-performance parachutes were designed to withstand the high speeds and dynamic forces encountered during record-setting skydives.

### Physiology of Record-Breaking Skydives:

Skydiving at extreme altitudes poses significant physiological challenges.

Hypoxia: The low oxygen levels at high altitudes can lead to hypoxia, a condition where the body is deprived of oxygen.
Decompression Sickness: Rapid ascent and descent can cause decompression sickness, a painful condition that occurs when nitrogen bubbles form in body tissues.
G-Forces: During high-speed freefall, divers experience extreme G-forces, which can put significant stress on the body.

### Future of Record-Breaking Skydives:

The pursuit of ever-higher skydives is likely to continue as technology continues to advance. Future record attempts may focus on:

Higher Altitudes: Divers may aim to break the current record of 135,000 feet and reach unprecedented altitudes.
Specialized Suits and Equipment: Innovations in suit design and parachute technology will play a crucial role in enabling higher and safer skydives.
Scientific Research: Record-breaking skydives can provide valuable data on human physiology and the effects of extreme environments.

### Conclusion:

The record for the highest skydive is a testament to human ingenuity and the relentless pursuit of adventure. The individuals who have achieved these remarkable feats have pushed the boundaries of human endurance and technological innovation. As technology continues to evolve, it is likely that the future will hold even more thrilling and groundbreaking skydiving records.

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