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## What Shots Do I Need for Travel to Africa?

Africa is a vast and diverse continent, with a wide range of climates and ecosystems. As such, the health risks associated with travel to Africa vary depending on the specific destination and the time of year. However, there are some general guidelines that can help you stay healthy while traveling in Africa.

### Required Vaccinations

The following vaccinations are required for all travelers to Africa:

Yellow fever
Meningitis

### Recommended Vaccinations

The following vaccinations are recommended for most travelers to Africa:

Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Typhoid
Rabies
Polio
Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR)
Tetanus

### Malaria Prevention

Malaria is a serious and potentially fatal disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes. It is found in many parts of Africa, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. There is no vaccine for malaria, but there are several medications that can be taken to prevent it. The most common antimalarial medications are:

Chloroquine
Mefloquine
Malarone
Lariam

Your doctor can help you decide which medication is right for you.

### Other Health Precautions

In addition to vaccinations and malaria prevention, there are a number of other health precautions you can take to stay healthy while traveling in Africa. These include:

Drinking only bottled water or boiled water. Tap water in Africa is often not safe to drink.
Eating only cooked food. Uncooked food may contain bacteria or parasites that can cause illness.
Washing your hands frequently with soap and water. This will help to prevent the spread of germs.
Using insect repellent. Insect bites can transmit diseases such as malaria and dengue fever.
Wearing long sleeves and pants when possible. This will help to protect you from insect bites.
Getting a medical checkup before you travel. This will help to ensure that you are healthy enough to travel and that you have all of the necessary vaccinations.

### Travel Health Insurance

It is important to have travel health insurance when traveling to Africa. This will help to cover the costs of medical care if you become ill or injured.

### Where to Get Vaccinations and Medications

You can get vaccinations and medications for travel to Africa at your local travel clinic or health department. You should make an appointment at least 4-6 weeks before your travel date.

### More Information

For more information about health and safety in Africa, please visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website: https://www.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/africa.html

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