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# Is a pendulum model representative of bungee jumping

#### Bydreamtravel

Sep 28, 2022

## Is a Pendulum Model Representative of Bungee Jumping?

Bungee jumping is a thrilling activity that involves jumping from a high structure with an elastic cord attached to the ankles. The jumper falls until the cord reaches its maximum stretch, and then rebounds back up. The motion of the jumper can be described by a pendulum model, but there are some important differences between the two systems.

### Assumptions of the Pendulum Model

The pendulum model assumes that the following conditions are met:

* The cord is perfectly elastic.
* The jumper’s mass is concentrated at a single point.
* The air resistance is negligible.
* The jumper is jumping in a vacuum.

### Deviations from the Pendulum Model

In reality, bungee cords are not perfectly elastic. They exhibit some degree of hysteresis, which means that the energy lost during the stretch-recoil cycle is not fully recovered. This results in a gradual decrease in the amplitude of the jumper’s oscillations.

Additionally, the jumper’s mass is not concentrated at a single point. The jumper’s body is distributed over a large area, and this can affect the motion of the system. For example, the jumper’s arms and legs can swing during the jump, which can change the jumper’s center of mass.

Air resistance is also not negligible in bungee jumping. The jumper’s body creates a significant amount of drag, which can slow down the jumper’s fall and reduce the amplitude of the oscillations.

Finally, bungee jumping is not performed in a vacuum. The presence of air can create additional drag, which can further reduce the amplitude of the oscillations.

### Modifications to the Pendulum Model

The pendulum model can be modified to take into account some of the deviations from the ideal conditions. For example, the model can be modified to include:

* A coefficient of restitution to account for the hysteresis of the cord.
* A distributed mass model to account for the jumper’s body shape.
* A drag coefficient to account for air resistance.

These modifications can make the pendulum model more accurate in describing the motion of a bungee jumper. However, it is important to note that the pendulum model is still an approximation, and there will always be some differences between the model and the real system.

### Conclusion

The pendulum model is a useful tool for understanding the basic physics of bungee jumping. However, it is important to be aware of the limitations of the model, and to make appropriate modifications to the model to account for the specific conditions of the jump.

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