Skydiving vs. Paragliding
What’s the Difference Between Skydiving and Paragliding?
In the relatively short period since humans first took to the air, we have devised a lot of ways to achieve flight. Some are very complicated, like rockets and helicopters – magnificent examples of combined knowledge and effort that allow us to zoom through the air. Others are simpler, such as the equipment we use for sports like skydiving and paragliding. Yet, in many ways, these more accessible technologies are just as spectacular. They allow us to achieve incredible thrills and experience the beauty of flight in a compact and affordable fashion.
Both skydiving and paragliding have many variations and sub-disciplines that become available once you get involved, but let’s start right at the top. What is the difference between skydiving and paragliding?
Skydiving is when you climb into an aircraft, fly up really high, jump out and freefall for about a minute, then deploy a parachute for landing. Paragliding is when you take off from the ground by running down a steep hill with your wing already open – generating enough speed and lift to fly out and up from the terrain.
Skydiving Equals Freefall
Skydiving has a lot to do with the freefall part, as jumping from an airplane and falling towards the ground at a terminal velocity of around 120mph is one of the most spectacular and exciting experiences there is. A skydiving parachute is designed and built to deploy smoothly from high speed, then allow you to fly back to the landing area and gently touch down.
Parachuting in Skydiving
The parachute part of a skydive is definitely not some kind of afterthought, though, as skydiving wings are amazing flying machines in their own right – and offer both dynamic flight or gentle soaring after the crazy intense rush of freefall.
No Freefall or Planes in Paragliding
Paragliding is a more sedate affair. Still, a beautiful experience and fun to do, but it doesn’t typically occupy the same bucket-list urgency as is often associated with a skydive. Statistically, these aerial activities are much less risky than people generally assume – with both being safer than driving a car. Statistics suggest that paragliding (0.0074% fatalities/year) is not safer than skydiving (0.0004% fatalities/year).
To untrained eyes, the wings used by skydivers and paragliders look pretty similar. Both are made from what is basically (albeit sophisticated) fabric and string and pack away into some kind of backpack. The main difference is that paragliders are much bigger, allowing for the pilot to achieve lift and gain altitude by riding on suitable air currents – while a parachute is smaller so it can be packed away into a portable enough container to be usable for freefall.
Skydiving parachutes are very good at their intended purpose and inflate into precisely controllable and responsive flying machines that are also designed to descend towards the ground. Paragliders are excellent for their desired use, and skilled pilots can achieve impressively long flights – but you cannot jump from a plane with one.
During landing, both types of wing use a ‘flare’ to allow the pilot a gentle touch-down. Flaring is when the pilot pulls down on both steering toggles at the same time, to level out the wing and create what is effectively an air brake. There is a bit of timing involved, but done correctly means landings are as gentle as can be.
Both sets of equipment use a reserve system, meaning that both a tandem skydiving system (‘rig’) and a tandem paraglider setup have an additional parachute in the unlikely event of malfunction. A skydiving reserve is largely the same as a skydiving main parachute. Although reserve rides are rare, it does happen and is a normalized part of the sport. In the unlikely event that you need to use your reserve while skydiving, not a lot changes about the jump – as during a tandem skydive the deployment altitude is high enough (4000-5000ft) to handle things in plenty of time.
In paragliding, the use of a reserve parachute is, again, very rare. Paragliders are larger and do not deploy while airborne in the same way, so pilots instead carry a round or square reserve parachute that is closer in design to that used in skydiving.
Skydiving and paragliding are often compared but, while they are related in some ways, they offer very different sensations. Flying around under a paraglider can be spectacular, but nothing comes close to the build-and-release of climbing to 13,500 feet in an airplane, opening the door, and leaping out into a gravity-powered plummet.
The added advantage of skydiving is that, while the subtleties between flying a parachute and a paraglider are many, a skydiving wing will give you a pretty good general idea of how paragliding feels. In contrast, a paraglider flight cannot teach you anything about what to expect from freefall.
The way into both sports is most often via a tandem experience. Skydiving or paragliding tandem means a single student paired with an instructor – harnessed together and using a single, larger version of the equipment that is specially designed for the size and weight of two people. This allows for the quickest entry into either a skydive or a paragliding flight, as the student can enjoy it with minimal training while the instructor handles all the technical stuff.
Although they are different sports, there is a direct relationship between skydiving and paragliding, and many skydivers are also paraglider pilots. Sometimes we go paragliding, but we skydive every day to introduce as many new people to our sport as possible. It is not a competition, but if it was – in our opinion – skydiving is impossible to beat as an experience you will treasure forever.
Skydiving vs Paragliding: 7 Main Differences To Know
Sailing through the sky is amazing – but is it better to do it downwards, or horizontally?
Such is the question we face today! Two of the most popular ‘sky’ sports are skydiving and paragliding. While similar, they also have plenty of differences.
Skydiving and paragliding mainly differ in their goal. Skydiving seeks for the biggest jump and fastest rush, while paragliding is built for long, relaxing, independent canopy flights. Skydiving equipment is focused on speed and safety, while paragliding is all about comfort and control.
That’s just the short version, though.
For those curious about the differences, you’ll learn every difference between them in the quick guide below.
If that sounds good, then let’s dive in!
What Does Skydiving Feel Like?
This question incites a lot of emotion in me, because skydiving is SUCH an experience.
In short, there’s no butterflies. Instead, skydiving is almost like flying – except with 120mph worth of wind blasting up at you. It’s the best views, the most adrenaline, the most exciting and most serene all at the same time.
The canopy ride is a totally separate experience, too. After all the wind and chaos, being under canopy is entirely quiet and peaceful. You’re just gently gliding back down to earth, and enjoying all the views along the way.
What Does Paragliding Feel Like?
Contrary to Skydiving, paragliding is more of a peaceful art than an adrenaline-filled rollercoaster.
Paragliding is much more about taking in the view, than taking on adrenaline.
While take off can be scary, once you’re sailing in the sky it’s much more relaxing. The harness let’s you settle in to a more comfortable position, as you pilot the canopy throughout the hills or cliffs you’re flying around.
Unlike skydiving, paragliding isn’t a quick one-and-done experience. You can be ‘sailing’ through the sky for ages, quickly racking up the flight miles! It’s more of a chill game of piloting through obstacles and updrafts, rather than one mental rush downwards.
Differences Between Skydiving & Paragliding
Okay – so that’s the ‘experience’ side very lightly covered. Let’s get stuck in to the real differences.
Obviously, skydiving and paragliding have a lot in common. They’re 2 of the only sports enjoyed under a canopy in the sky, and ways for us ground-bound humans to experience flight without the aid of a large and noisy engine.
Paragliders are also often skydivers too! Many paragliders start off skydiving, and end up trying out paragliding because it can be done on a windier day – and without needing a running airfield. If there’s too much wind or the airfield’s too busy, paragliding is a great way to still get into the sky.
Anyway – here’s the differences between the two sports lined up one by one.
Difference #1: The Goal!
While both of these sports are based around flight, their goals are what truly separates them.
Skydiving is about enjoying the biggest freefall you can. It’s pure adrenaline rush, pure freedom, pure escape. You hurtle through the sky, flying, diving, flipping, and connecting with other jumpers – before pulling your chute and gliding down to the ground.
Skydivers chase bigger altitudes, different planes, different jump styles (freestyle, group formations, wingsuits, CREW jumps), and different locations (Dubai’s palm dropzone often being the #1 location).
CREW jumps are advanced formations of skydivers that connect their canopies.
Paragliding is about enjoying the biggest flight you can. It’s simpler, more independent, and more calm than skydiving. It’s about enjoying the sky and flying with nature, rather than dropping like a rock. You need no plane or engine to get your flight started.
Paragliders chase new routes, bigger starting points, stronger updrafts, and unique views.
In the end, both of these sports are totally unique – but it’s their main goal that separates the experience you get with each.
Difference #2: The Canopy
Post skydive, the main goal is to land quickly in order to skydive again!
Skydivers jump using what’s called a ‘square’ canopy (it’s really more of a rectangle). These will always glide downwards, at a faster rate depending on it’s size and your weight. Typically, jumpers ‘downsize’ their parachutes to get down faster, even spinning their canopy in the air to pick up downward speed.
On the other hand, paragliders use a much more curved canopy – shaped like an upside-down parabola. It’s much bigger than a skydivers canopy, and built to stay in the air as much as possible. Not only that, but to be much more maneuverable and able to ride gusts of wind back upwards.
Difference #3: Flight Lengths
After such a huge experience, the post-skydive canopy ride can go by in a flash. Especially for jumpers who have downsized, it can take less than 5 minutes to go from opening their chute to landing. (Student parachutes are more like 20 minutes).
The point of a skydiving canopy flight isn’t to travel anywhere, but to essentially circle the airfield and line up your landing spot.
Alternatively, paragliding flights can last hundreds of kilometers! A skilled pilot can truly ride the wind to enjoy hours under their canopy, all without an engine. That being said, they should still have an landing location goal with intended flight paths to ensure a smooth landing.
Difference #4: Harness Comfort
Skydivers hurtle directly downwards at 120mph. That’s freaking fast.
Their parachutes then slow them down to about 5mph in under 5 seconds.
Imagine speeding at 120mph in your car, then braking hard to 5mph in just a few seconds. Even the fastest cars in the world don’t have the brakes for that!
That should give you an idea of what your skydiving harness has to be built for. These things aren’t build for comfort, they’re built to take the force your canopy applies when it opens at full speed. It’s safe to say that skydiving harnesses are NOT the most comfortable thing in the world! At best their slightly uncomfortable, and at worst you’re begging to get back to the ground faster.
On the other hand, paragliding harnesses are made for comfort. You never accelerate more than a gliding speed under a paraglider, so the forces are much smaller. That means the harness can provide more support to the rest of your body, and allow you to relax into it much more.
Difference #5: Reserve Type
While both these sports are super safe, we obviously need to have reserve parachutes available.
In skydiving, a reserve is essentially the same parachute as your main one. Except it’s been packed diligently by a certified expert, and not hurriedly by you as you rush to get into the next plane! Otherwise your reserve parachute is just the same as your main one (but often in white).
Paragliding reserves are round canopies, almost straight out of the World War 2 movies where you see thousands of soldiers flying in using them. They offer little in the way of control, and are there to get you back to the ground alive.
Thankfully it’s incredibly rare to need either of these, but they’re always there if we need them.
Difference #6: Advanced Jumps
A good analogy with this point is that paragliding is like running, while skydiving is like driving.
Just like in running, paragliders can only really do one thing – paragliding. While you can always become a ‘better’ paraglider or runner, there’s no advanced variations of the sport. Sure you can do some great maneuvers (or get faster), but in the end paragliding is simply paragliding. (That’s not to say it’s not amazing and so serene).
On the other hand, skydiving is like driving. Yes, you can become a better driver just like you can become a better runner. But you can also unlock different types of driving. There’s driving different cars, rally driving, driving motorbikes, driving jeeps through cross country – there’s hundreds of different experiences you can have behind the wheel!
Skydiving is just the same. Once you’ve mastered skydiving basics, there’s a whole world of opportunities you can explore. Including:
- Speed skydiving
- CREW jumping
- Formation jumping
- Landing competitions
- Skydiving with surfboards
- Using props / inflatables
- Freestyle skydiving
- HALO jumps
- Hot air balloon jumps
- Helicopter jumps
- BASE jumps
Just to name a few!
So while paragliding itself is incredible, it’s not a gateway to more advanced forms of flight like skydiving is.
Difference #7: The Planning Involved
Planning a skydive is very different to planning a paraglide.
Skydiving relies on “drop zones” which are already set-up for you. As long as there’s space on the day and the weather’s good, you can turn up and enjoy a jump.
On the other hand, paragliding is much more of an individual sport. It’s you, plus maybe a friend or two, and your paragliding equipment. It’s up to you where you’ll go, what you’ll do, how you’ll work around the weather, where you’ll land, and what your emergency procedures are.
All of that responsibility can be frightening to some, but it heavily attracts others. Paragliding can be done entirely solo – you don’t even need a car, phone, or anything electrical (outside of safety equipment).
The Similarities Between Skydiving & Paragliding
After going through so many differences between these two sports, I also wanted to highlight where they’re similar.
No, I don’t mean “they’re in the sky, duh!” – though that is true.
These two sports are like siblings, and they share quite a few traits.
Similarity #1: Community Feel
Many skydivers are also paragliders and vice versa. Both of these sports are so unique and attract incredible people, who tend to be positive, optimistic, and happy to be getting into the sky.
The communities you’ll find around a drop zone or a paragliding club are very similar. Between the comradery, the desire to share knowledge and help one another learn, to the shared goals and dreams of conquering X achievement in the sport.
Both groups are incredible welcoming, and are one of the underrated highlights of the sports.
Similarity #2: Solo Flight
While flying a plane is incredible, there’s nothing like sitting in the sky alone. Just you and your parachute, with the whole world beneath you.
That same serene experience can be enjoyed through both skydiving and paragliding. I can’t describe how beautiful and peaceful the world seems when you’re up there in the sky, on your own.
Similarity #3: Weather Reliance!
If you’ve ever been through turbulence on a plane, then you can imagine what turbulence under a canopy is like.
Both of these sports are incredible safe, but only in good weather. These are not sports for an ice-cold and windy winter day (though some do still try). Skydivers and paragliders most used app on their phones isn’t Facebook or Instagram, it’s usually an advanced wind and weather app for planning their next flight!
Is Paragliding More Dangerous Than Skydiving?
I’ve included this question because I see this being asked on forums, and I want to address it.
While both sports have their risk (anything involving flight does), both of these sports are incredibly safe. By far, the most danger you’ll be in when taking part in either of these sports, is on your drive to the drop zone or launch point.
In my opinion, it doesn’t make sense to argue whether paragliding is more dangerous than skydiving. Doing so implies that one or the other isn’t entirely safe. Instead, we should focus on how safe they both are – especially when done responsibly and following all recommended advice (accidents typically happen by veterans who push the limits on the sports).
When it comes down to it – skydiving and paragliding are the same thing: incredible!
It’s an absolute privilege to take part in either of these sports, and enjoy the world from a quiet, serene canopy (or when hurtling towards it at terminal velocity).
I hope this article has helped clear up the differences between the two sports, and given you a few insights into what both skydiving and paragliding are like.
If you’re looking to plan your first experience in either, be sure to check out the related articles below.
¿What’s the difference between paragliding and skydiving?
Want to know the difference between paragliding and skydiving? Air sports are very attractive thanks to the fact that they allow us to live a unique experience, to feel free, to experience the adrenaline and to see the land like we had never done before. However, many people do not know which sport they should choose or what the differences between them are.
Therefore, in this article we want to talk about the clear differences that exist between these two sports, so that you have a better idea of what is the best air sport for you depending on the experience you want to experience. At the end of this article you will be very clear about the differences between the feeling you feel in a skydiving and a paragliding.
What is paragliding and what is skydiving?
The first thing we are going to do is describe the characteristics of each of them:
Paragliding is an aerial sport that has several remarkably interesting advantages, such as being able to maintain control of the flight for a long time, thus feel freer and observing calmly everything around us.
In most cases you can control where and when you land with the paraglider, this being one of the favorite attractions.
Also, the paragliding does not need an airplane or other external source that gives us the momentum we need to fly. All it takes is to be on a mountain or hill (elevated area) and the right weather factors to have the best possible experience.
Skydiving is another popular aerial sport, in which you jump from a plane at a certain height to descend in free fall to open the parachute once a certain time has passed.
It is considered a performance sport, as there are aerial artists who can create figures or routines with groups of paratroopers. It can be practiced individually or as a couple, being quite common for people to do it for fun and pleasure.
To be able to practice it requires a lot of experience, so it is a sport that requires a lot of knowledge and practice.
Different mains between paragliding and skidiving
Considering the basic information we just gave you about each of these sports you should no longer have so many doubts about which one best suits your tastes, but so that there is no doubt about it, we will now seek deeper into those differences:
The main difference between these two sports is the way it is practiced: the paragliding allows us to fly from a mountain and fly for quite some time with more freedom, en while in the paratrooper you jump off a plane and soon you have to open the parachute and go down.
As you can see, they are not really a similar sports beyond that they’re both air sports. It is known that both sports have the same origin, but over the years they have evolved into completely different sports.
The parachute does not allow us to make paragliding flights, while a paragliding would burst when trying to open it in free fall like a parachute. This difference makes it clear that these are two completely different teams that are focused on different uses.
Do these sports have anything in common?
The only thing these two air sports have in common, beyond being within the same category, is that in both cases the person carries a parachute. In one its use it is mandatory as flight equipment and in another it is used as safety equipment.
How do you know which of these sports suits you best?
In the event that you’ve never played an aerial sport in your life and aren’t quite sure which one can be more or better suited to the type of experience you’re looking for, the differences we’ve seen above should help you get a better idea.
However, the skydiving gives you strong emotions and adrenaline, as it is not a sport suitable for everyone. Remember that you start by falling freefall for 1 minute or more after jumping off the plane.
On the other hand, paragliding is better for those who want to plan and enjoy flying for a long time. Paragliding also carries a lot of adrenaline, but not of the same type and intensity as that experienced when practicing paragliding.
So you simply have to take into account all these factors that we have mentioned to you in order to be clear and you can safely choose which sport could best suit your specific needs, whether it is paragliding or on the contrary, skydiving.