How To Breathe Underwater – Breathing Tips for Scuba Divers

One of the most important things to remember when learning scuba diving is breathing properly under the water.

That may not seem like a big deal, especially because most beginners think that breathing underwater will be the same as breathing above the water. It is a common misconception that oxygen tanks make diving easy.

This is not true in most cases. Professional scuba divers are used to breathing underwater easily, but you should be a little careful if you are a beginner. It might be challenging at first, but if you learn the proper techniques, you can easily master them.

In this article, you will learn about the various techniques to breathe with ease while scuba diving. You will also find a few tips and tricks that you can use to master the art of underwater breathing.

How Can You Improve Your Breathing Underwater?

Breathing while scuba diving might be a challenge if you are a beginner. However, there are various techniques that you can learn and master to overcome this problem.

One thing to always keep in mind is that each person has their own breathing capacity. That majorly depends on the size of your lungs. The bigger your lungs, the more easily you will be able to breathe.

Breathing Techniques for Scuba Divers

The following techniques can boost your breathing skills. Each of these requires a lot of patience and practice. Over time, you will get to know and understand how you can manage your breath when diving.

Freediving Technique

Freediving is one of the most common techniques used by divers today.

Freediving is a technique that will help you develop better breathing habits that will prove to be beneficial while diving. It will also help you get in touch with the various senses of your body while underwater. Listening to these body signals will help you get better control over your breathing.

Besides that, free diving also helps teach you how to slow down your breathing when your oxygen supply is almost over. In this case, free divers tend to act more calmly, which also helps in saving oxygen.

Freedivers are also known to handle the pressure of the water well while in great depths.


By yoga, we mean the breathing exercises in yoga. Yoga is known to help improve and control your breathing patterns. It also teaches us how to expand our lungs, stomach, and chest fully to make the most out of breathing.

If you learn how to use these organs, you will find it much easier to inhale and exhale while diving.

Diaphragmatic Breathing

This technique involves using the diaphragm to transfer oxygen to the lower part of our lungs. That might sound strange, but when we are on land, our breathing is mostly shallow. That is because we do not make full use of our lungs.

However, it is essential to remember to use the entire lung capacity for using the oxygen effectively. By breathing from the diaphragm, you won’t have to inhale a large amount of air to provide the cells with oxygen. This way, you’ll be making the optimal use of the oxygen in your tank.

Skip Breathing

Skip breathing is a technique practiced by divers, and it involves holding the breath for a short period in between inhalation and exhalation. In theory, skip breathing can cause a lot of complications.

However, many divers often practice this technique. Why? Let’s take a look.

To Save Air

It is a technique that scuba divers apply to save air. Professional divers understand the importance of conserving air while underwater. They are used to taking quick, short breaths.

To Get Better Control Over Buoyancy

Every diver knows the importance of maintaining and controlling their buoyancy. One way to get better control over this is by practicing breath control. That is very natural; however, it is important to remember that breath control and breath holding are two very different practices.

Keep in mind to not get confused between these two. Instead of focusing more on holding your breath, adapt and practice to get better control over it.

Unconscious Breathing

Another reason why most people have the bad habit to skip breath is due to the subconscious mind. Most of the time, when we do skip breath, we may not even realize it.

However, habits adapted by the unconscious mind are hard to break. It is important to stay aware of when you are doing skip breathing and avoid it from developing into a dangerous habit.

When it comes to diving, a slow, controlled breathing pattern is best recommended. Most divers recommend people to practice controlled breathing instead of skipping breath. This technique is much safer and proves to be more beneficial even while swimming under the water.

Can You Breathe Through The Nose When Scuba Diving?

cannot breath through nose when diving

The short answer is no. You cannot breathe through your nose while scuba diving. Because you need to use a mask.

When you put on a scuba mask, it helps to protect your eyes and nose and it completely seals them. That makes it impossible for water to enter your nose.

If you want to equalize your ears, you can always use the flexible straps on the nose and pinch them gently.

Every dive mask has been designed in a way to keep the nose protected from the water. That is because of two major reasons.

  1. To clear out the mask – One of the major reasons why the nose stays inside the mask is because you will need to push out any water that has entered the mask. That is an important and mandatory lesson that instructors will teach you if you ever start scuba diving. Professional divers will also tell you that water entering into the mask is a common problem. In order to get rid of the water, you will simply need to breathe in through the mouth, pinch the top portion of the mask and then exhale through the nose. That will gently push the water out of the mask.
  2. To avoid a mask squeeze – Mask squeeze is another common problem faced by divers. A mask squeeze is where the diver’s mask gets uncomfortably tight on the face. That causes the mask to “squeeze” against their face. Usually, this problem can easily be fixed by getting a mask with the right fit in the first place (so if you have a larger face choose a mask accordingly). However, if you want to avoid a mask squeeze, you will need to exhale through your nose gently while descending into the water. By doing this, you can easily prevent mask squeeze.
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How to Increase Your Breath Hold for Scuba Diving

Yes, it is possible to increase your breath hold. Similar to mastering any other technique, this one too requires a lot of patience and practice.

The process of breath holding can be easily done in one simple step.

Before trying to practice under the water, it is best to see how well you can do it above water. And that is the first step.

Sit upright on a chair or lie down straight on a bed. Before you start holding your breath, breathe normally for two minutes. Inhale and exhale peacefully. Once you feel ready, take a deep breath in and slowly exhale it out.

After this, take a really deep breath, as deep as your lungs can. Hold your breath here. Do not focus on the activity you are doing at the moment. Try to distract yourself by thinking about other things.

When you start to find it a little difficult, exhale the air out. Keep practicing this technique over and over again.

You may find it a little difficult at first. However, as time goes on, you can easily master the art of breath holding.

Why is it Important to Practice Breathing Techniques?

scuba breathing techniques

When a person is at rest, they can easily inhale and exhale 20 times a minute. However, when you master the art of controlled breathing, you can easily hold your breath for longer without struggling too much.

And what’s even better is that you will also learn how to make full use of your lungs. This way, you can take shorter breaths that will help you last longer as well.

When you have completely learned how to use your lungs, you will find that you can breathe easier underwater and you will not face any pressure or struggle

That is why it is necessary to practice these techniques before you go scuba diving. One reason beginner divers find it difficult under the water is that they are not familiar with breathing techniques.

On the other hand, professional divers have years of experience and have full control over their breathing patterns.

If you are a beginner diver, we would recommend you practice your breathing on land first. During this process, you can familiarize yourself with the various techniques used to control your breathing pattern.

Once you are confident about your skills, you can try testing them out in a swimming pool. Make sure you try these techniques in a shallow pool, as this is much safer. It might be difficult at first, but you will be ready to scuba dive with time and constant practice.

How to Breathe the Right Way While Scuba Diving

Even after you master the breathing techniques, you might still find scuba diving a bit troubling. Listed below are a few tips and tricks that you can make use of the next time you take the plunge.

Swim Before You Dive

Before you go scuba diving, make sure you go for a quick swim first. That will help get prepared for what is to come later.

Stretch Your Body

Scuba diving is an activity that requires you to stretch out your body. In order to avoid muscle cramps and pulls, remember to stretch properly.

Swim Naturally

When you are underwater, do not force yourself. Keep in mind to go with the flow and swim easily. Do not get stressed or anxious at any point.

Experience Diving

Beginner divers always struggle when compared to professional divers, but that is completely normal. As time goes by, you will eventually get the hang of it, so just keep practicing.

Final Words

Scuba diving has been and still is one of the most exciting adventurous activities. With the rise in its popularity, a lot of people are curious to experience it.

However, you need to keep in mind that the rules of breathing are important, especially if you are a beginner. Please make sure you regularly practice it before you go underwater. This way, you will have a safer and more enjoyable experience.

My unbounded love for the oceans and everything it has to offer motivated me to pursue my passion and become a professional scuba diving instructor.

I keep reading, exploring, and learning more about scuba diving and the underwater world all the time, so I’m excited to share my knowledge with fellow scuba enthusiasts and hopefully contribute a little to your development as a diver. I want people to fall in love with the oceans with as much passion as I have. Read more about me here.

How to Breathe While Scuba Diving – Underwater Breathing Tips

Learning how to breath underwater is one of the fundamental skills that ever scuba divers need.

Difficulty to breathe underwater particularly feels to live in immersion. If it is not mastered and controlled, it can be very dangerous.

In this article we will discuss how to breathe when scuba diving. So, let’s get started!

How to Breathe While Scuba Diving

What is Scuba Diving?

The main thing for certain is that the ideal breathing procedure when scuba plunging is profound moderate relaxing. You have to breathe in gradually and afterward likewise breathe out gradually without holding your breath. Build up an example that you are alright with and that works for your present outstanding task at hand.

How to Breathe While Scuba Diving

How to Improve Your Air Consumption While Diving?

The second most normally posed inquiry by fledgling divers to educators and Divemasters, is why you are so acceptable on air? So, how to improve air consumption while diving?

Unfortunately, there are many things you can do to improve your air utilization. Yet like everything else in diving there are no handy solutions or alternate routes; everything requires some investment and practice to create and improve. The principal activity when attempting to improve your air utilization is to deal with your desires.

How to Breathe While Scuba Diving

Main Objectives

The main thing to set up is to have sensible desires on how proficient you can become on air. Each individual has a characteristic ideal capacity dependent on size, bulk, and lung size. The greater you are the more air you will inhale. Since you have more tissue and muscle that should be kept provided with Oxygen. An enormously strong individual will never be as acceptable on-air as an unimposing individual with a similar degree of experience. Most dainty female scuba educators are the best on-air since they are honored with understanding, practice just as hereditary potential. So, if you are a huge man contrasting yourself with a dainty female instructor. You need to forget about it and search for someone comparable to yourself. To have the option to envision feasible objectives.

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How to Breathe While Scuba Diving

Perfect Your Buoyancy

Culminating your buoyancy will go far towards improving your air consumption. Not exclusively will it decrease the measure of air your waste continually making little changes. Likewise, it will allow you to unwind and move less, which diminishes CO2 levels in your body.

Furthermore, you will be allowed to concentrate on acing your breathing strategy. Which is the second means of improving your air consumption.

Practice Your Breathing Technique

By a wide margin the greatest factor in improving your air utilization is your breathing procedure. The normal human inhales around 20 times each moment while ashore at a condition of rest, however by using legitimate breathing procedures you can essentially lessen your breathing cycles while diving. The key is to back everything off while jumping, take in gradually, intentionally, and in a controlled way. What’s more, try to inhale profoundly and fill your lungs.

At the point when the time has come to breathe out don’t simply push the ventilate of your lungs, however again inhale out in a moderate, controlled way. The more slowly you can breathe in and breathe out the more you will improve your air utilization.

While easing back your breathing down will require some serious energy and practice to ace, you have to recall that the procedure is simply hindering your breathing, you are not holding your breath whenever during your breathing cycle. As you learned on your untamed water course, the brilliant guideline of jumping is “Never hold your breath”, so don’t do it in the expectation it will improve your air utilization. With training, you can lessen your breathing cycles every moment to half or not exactly ashore.

Practice Your Dive

To improve your air utilization is to ace your drive method. Driving yourself is the single greatest shopper of vitality on a plunge since you utilize your greatest muscle gatherings. By acing the different impetus systems, you will have the option to perform them all the more proficiently and decreasing the measure of action your body is performing. This will diminish your CO2 levels, which thusly will make it simpler to control your relaxing.

Instructions to Breathe with Your Diaphragm

Diaphragmatic breathing is a productive method to ­transfer oxygen from your lungs to your blood. Follow these ­simple steps to expand your endeavors.

Lying on your back with your knees twisted, put one hand on your chest and one hand on your paunch ­below your rib confine so you can feel your stomach connect with when you breathe in and breathe out.

Attract a moderate breath through your nose, focusing your exertion through the stomach. You’ll feel your stomach push against your hand, while your chest remains for the most part still.

To breathe out, tense your stomach muscles and draw them toward your spine to push air from your lungs. Your chest should move as meager as could reasonably be expected.

Practice the procedure ­lying down until you become ­proficient enough to move to a situated position and, ­eventually, standing at that point swimming.

Instructions to Breathe Properly While Scuba Diving

It appears to be significant, before broadly expounding, to recollect some essential thoughts of breathing or rather our breathing capacities.

Breathing is the shift of outside air entering our two lungs and the removal of stale air accused of CO2. On account of a couple of muscles, the fundamental one being the stomach. To give a thought, we do a normal of 22,000 to 23,000 respiratory cycles for every day. Which speak to 16 to 22 breathing cycles for each moment.

The respiratory cycle differs starting with one individual then onto the next and relies upon a few factors. Such as age, health, weakness, the feeling of anxiety, or response to vicious endeavors. Our lungs are not exactly indistinguishable; the heart involves in the thorax a non-immaterial spot that diminishes the volume accessible for the left lung. For effortlessness, we concede that on normal we have a respiratory limit of about 4.5 to 5 liters of air.


At the point when we take in, just 0.5 liters of air is restored. This may appear to be somewhat little contrasted with 4.5 liters, yet it is adequate in typical day to day environments. It is anything but difficult to envision that the enormous piece of the non-recharged air winds up being soaked with stale air and accordingly containing much more carbon dioxide than in the encompassing air (up to 5 to 6%).

Nothing irritating at typical barometrical weight. Thus, we will see it, it isn’t the equivalent top to bottom. To dispose of this carbon dioxide put away in the lungs. It is important to willfully play out a constrained and profound lapse. This permits you to recharge up to 2.5 liters of extra air.

It appears to be significant, before broadly expounding, to recollect some fundamental thoughts of breathing or rather our breathing capacities.

Tips on How to Breathe Underwater While Scuba Diving

1. Have a go at swimming first, which is a great exercise to rehearse. In reality, regardless of whether you utilize a snorkel or a weight controller, the inclination will be nearly the equivalent. The snorkel is longer than the weight controller. Consequently, you have to control your relax. So as to improve your time submerged, you should inhale gradually and profoundly.

2. To keep your body from experiencing strains and getting it arranged for the inundation, stretch before each plunge.

3. In case you’re anxious and notice your pulse is curiously high. You can place your face into water (more than 21° C) directly before diving. This procedure, called jumping reflex, advances your inhale cycle, and has your pulse going down from 10 to 25%. In case you’re still excessively anxious, tell your educator.

4. Swim gradually! More often than not, when we begin jumping, we will in general swim quick. We make pointless moves that, thus, make our pulse going higher.

5. Set aside some effort to change your loads. Without a doubt, it has been demonstrated that diving with an inappropriately balanced weight can prompt a terrible lightness yet, in addition, affect relaxing.

6. Having encounters. No one is brought into the world a diver. Thus, you can get one by rehearsing and figuring out how to control your relaxation. Everybody is one of a kind and some have preferred aptitudes over others, so kindly don’t frenzy and continue rehearsing.

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At long last, there are as yet different approaches to figure out how to inhale submerged like yoga, sophrology, and contemplation. In the event that none of those exercises suits you, well unwind, this won’t keep you from turning into an incredible diver!

Get Fit

The more truly fit a diver is, the more proficiently they will have the option to utilize oxygen. For the most part, those that get ordinary cardiovascular exercises like running, cycling, and swimming, the better they are at breathing, and the better their body is at utilizing the air productively. A solid eating regimen additionally adds to the manner in which your body utilizes vitality and oxygen.

At the point when you dive, there is substantially more to consider than simply getting submerged and swimming around. A proficient breathing procedure will permit you to make the most of your dive more. Keep you quiet in predicament and furthermore let you remain under longer.

How Does Scuba Diving Help Us?

At the point when we figure out how to jump, we rapidly start to see that it is so essential to control our breath. In the event that we don’t permit the air to leave our lungs, it is difficult to escape from the surface. When submerged we can see how our bodies go here and there with our breath. Furthermore, in the event that we are not cautious a major breath may set off a sudden climb! If we inhale excessively quick, or swim too rapidly, we can feel pushed. Furthermore, in the event that we get focused or energized, at that point we utilize more air. We can even observe breathing submerged, in the air pockets we breathe out!

You can become familiar with legitimate breathing strategies on the PADI Yoga Diver course. Or then again consider increasing all the more comprehension of breath control with the PADI Peak Performance Buoyancy course.


To survive in the water, breathing is the most important skills that divers should learn.

Remember, you will not enjoy your underwater experience if you don’t know how to breathe properly while diving.

Therefore, I suggest you should at least try our tips to help you breathe under water while diving.

Don’t forget to get your Open Water Course in PADI before you go on your first scuba diving trips. Enjoy and Have Fun!

Scuba Diving Breathing Techniques to Improve your Air Consumption

tecnicas de respiracion para buceo - main

Scuba diving breathing techniques are among the most interesting skills of this sport since you will be able to take advantage of them in and out of the water.

  • If you often ask for tips to improve your air consumption, this article is for you.
  • If you want to be a better scuba diver, you are in the right place.
  • If you haven’t even dived once in your life, read on, because these techniques also have a practical application on the surface and will surprise you.

The Importance of Scuba Diving Breathing Techniques

Breathing is a cycle that begins when you let air into your lungs and ends when you expel CO2 and other gases. Taking into account that we breathe in and out 21,000 times per day (an average of 18 times per minute) and that every minute we move between five and six liters / 1.3 and 1.6 gallons of air, we can say every 24 hours we move between 7,200 and 8,600 liters / 1902 and 2272 gallons of air. You know how to breathe, it is obvious. Now we have to improve the technique.

Controlling our breathing rhythm is essential to scuba diving. In fact, it’s one of the first things we were taught in our Open Water Course. Do you remember what the key message was? Yes, never hold your breath! The reason is that breathing you’re going to:

– influence your air consumption;
– control your buoyancy;
– relax.

tecnicas de respiracion para buceo - goggles

On what principle are Scuba Diving Breathing Techniques Based?

In the article: 10 Scuba Tech Tips to Improve Your Diving Air Consumption we treat this point in depth. Making a summary, CO2 is the main reason why our body needs to breathe. We need to remove carbon dioxide particles at the same rate as they are produced. If not, our brains will require our lungs to breathe faster. For this reason, we should never stop breathing when diving. Doing so will accumulate CO2 in our bodies. The lower the level of carbon dioxide in the body, the less the need to breathe. The second point on which scuba diving breathing techniques are based is to keep as much oxygen as possible in our blood with the least respiratory effort. The main issue is that, as far as the hydrostatic pressure increases, air consumption increases, respiratory effort increases, and fatigue occurs. To avoid this, we have to control the rhythm and breathe slowly and deeply.

tecnicas de respiracion para buceo - dive buddy

Scuba Diving Breathing Techniques: Slow Diaphragmatic Breathing.

This scuba diving breathing technique consists of using the diaphragm to bring air into the lower third of the lungs. In this part, we can produce a greater exchange of gases. However, we normally use the chest muscles, so our breathing is shallow.

This scuba diving breathing technique’s value is to bring air to the most efficient part of our lungs. What does this mean? It will not be necessary to inhale such a large volume of air to provide oxygen to our cells, saving air in our tanks.

Did you know psychologists teach this scuba diving breathing technique to their patients to calm anxiety? It is not a surprise if we think this type of breathing helps lower the heart beat and stimulates relaxation. This aspect is extremely useful for divers. You know: the less stress, the less CO2 we produce.

Practicing diaphragmatic breathing on the surface

This scuba diving breathing technique is also known as abdominal breathing, to practice it follow these steps.

  1. Put one of your hands on your chest and the other on your abdomen.
  2. Inhale slowly, counting to two. Do it so that the hand you have on the abdomen rises. The hand you have on your chest will serve to check that it does not move.
  3. Count to four to expel the air and feel your abdomen sink.

The breathing techniques practiced in Yoga are very appropriate as well. With them, you will learn to use the diaphragm to breathe and thus take advantage of all the capacity of your lungs to breathe more efficiently. With these breathing techniques for diving, you will also reduce stress levels underwater and during your surface intervals. You already know a little more about breathing techniques for diving, but if you still have any questions, don’t hesitate, contact us.




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