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## How Many People Die Scuba Diving or Snorkeling?

Scuba diving and snorkeling are popular recreational activities enjoyed by millions of people around the world. However, as with any activity that takes place in or around water, there are associated risks. One of the most serious risks is drowning.

Drowning Statistics

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), drowning is the third leading cause of unintentional death worldwide. In 2019, there were an estimated 236,000 drowning deaths globally. Of these, approximately 3,500 occurred during scuba diving or snorkeling. This means that on average, around 1 in 100,000 people who participate in these activities will drown.

Risk Factors

The risk of drowning while scuba diving or snorkeling is influenced by a number of factors, including:

Lack of experience: Inexperienced divers and snorkelers are more likely to make mistakes that can lead to drowning.
Poor equipment: Using faulty or ill-fitting equipment can increase the risk of drowning.
Environmental conditions: Diving or snorkeling in strong currents, cold water, or low visibility can increase the risk of drowning.
Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as asthma or heart disease, can increase the risk of drowning.
Alcohol and drug use: Alcohol and drug use can impair judgment and coordination, increasing the risk of drowning.


There are a number of steps that divers and snorkelers can take to reduce the risk of drowning, including:

Get certified: Take a scuba diving or snorkeling course from a reputable organization.
Use properly fitted equipment: Make sure your dive or snorkel gear is in good condition and fits properly.
Dive or snorkel with a buddy: Never dive or snorkel alone.
Be aware of your surroundings: Pay attention to the conditions in which you are diving or snorkeling.
Avoid alcohol and drug use: Alcohol and drug use can impair your judgment and coordination.
Take a first aid and CPR course: Learn how to provide first aid and CPR in case of an emergency.


If someone is drowning, it is important to call for help immediately. Once help arrives, the following steps should be taken:

Remove the person from the water: If possible, remove the person from the water and place them on a stable surface.
Check for breathing: If the person is not breathing, start CPR.
Control bleeding: If the person is bleeding, apply pressure to the wound.
Keep the person warm: Cover the person with a blanket or towel.
Seek medical attention: Even if the person appears to be okay, it is important to seek medical attention.


Scuba diving and snorkeling can be safe and enjoyable activities when proper precautions are taken. However, it is important to be aware of the risks involved and to take steps to reduce the risk of drowning.

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