Table of Contents

The Forbidden City: A History

The Forbidden City is a palace complex in central Beijing, China. The former home of the Chinese imperial family, it now houses the Palace Museum. Built from 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 buildings and covers 72 hectares. The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world. The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty—the years 1420 to 1912. It is located in the centre of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. It served as the home of emperors and their households as well as the ceremonial and political centre of Chinese government for almost 500 years. The complex consists of 980 buildings and covers 72 hectares.

The Forbidden City, a major tourist attraction in China, is a popular attraction. It served as the palace of the Ming Dynasty emperor, Yongle, and was built in 1420. However, it was not the first time a ruler built there. In fact, beneath the streets of Beijing, a palace from decades ago still exists. The Liao Dynasty ruled over much of China during the sixth century BC and was one of the country’s most influential dynasties. The people who founded the Liao were originally from the Kazakhstan Plateau in north-east Asia, and they lived nomadic lifestyles. They were known as the Kitan, and their history has been bad.

The imperial family lived in grand tents rather than timber-framed halls in Yongle’s Forbidden City. Despite the fact that there is only a small number of Kitan texts that are still preserved today, translations of these texts can be difficult because there are no surviving languages similar enough to fully comprehend the texts. The Song Dynasty was the source of the majority of the primary sources for the Liao period.

Emperor Yongle commissioned Kuai Xiang to create the Forbidden City, a grandiose city in Beijing. During the Qing Dynasty, the Forbidden City experienced three fires, which resulted in the reconstruction of the majority of current palace halls.

Over the course of 505 years, 14 Ming and 10 Qing emperors ascended to the throne at the Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing, known as the Forbidden City. It was constructed between 1406 and 1420 by the Ming emperor Zhu Di and served as the

Visitors to the Forbidden City have been able to climb the city’s wall next to the Meridian Gate since 2018. The city’s 2.5 miles of walls can be climbed by about three-quarters of a mile. The Forbidden City is a simple and inexpensive place to visit. Tickets for this event can be purchased online at this link.

Why Is The Forbidden City Important Today?

The only living and best example of the imperial palace in China, it depicts the finest techniques and craftsmanship from China’s ancient official architecture. It is regarded as one of China’s most significant architectural treasures.

The Forbidden City was built over a 22-year period and was completed in 1420. There is a wall surrounding the building in Beijing’s center. It consists of a single gate that leads to an outer wall, an inner wall, and an outer wall.
The outer wall is a total of 9.8 km in length and is composed of concentric walls. It is made up of nine layers of defense, and its perimeter is 5.5 kilometers long. These gates include the Gate of Eternal Peace, the Gate ofHeavenly Peace, and the Gate of Divine Might.
The city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in China.

The Forbidden City: A Marvel Of Traditional Chinese Architecture And Culture

The Forbidden City is a stunning example of traditional Chinese architecture and culture. Every detail is carefully considered and reflects the traditional characteristics and values of Chinese culture. The significance of the Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties cannot be overstated, as can its role in Chinese culture and history.

What Is So Special About The Forbidden City?

The Forbidden City was the palace of the Chinese emperor for over 500 years. It is a large complex of buildings that cover an area of over 180 acres. The Forbidden City is surrounded by a moat and has a wall that is over 20 feet high. There are over 9,000 rooms in the Forbidden City and it is the largest palace complex in the world.

The imperial family, their staff, and government officials lived in the Forbidden City during the Chinese emperors‘ rule. From the Ming Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, it was occupied by emperors. In 1912, the city was forced to cede political power to the capital, Beijing, after Puyi, China’s last Emperor, abdicated.

One of the most recognizable and iconic sights in China is the Forbidden City, located in the center of Beijing. It was founded in 1406 by the Yongle emperor of the Ming dynasty, and it was occupied by the court for the first time in 1420. It is named after it because access to it was strictly restricted for the majority of the realm’s subjects. The Forbidden City, which contains over 2,500 buildings, including palaces, gardens, and administrative offices, is an impressive structure. Each of these buildings is finely tuned and carved in intricate red bricks. The imperial mausoleum, one of China’s most sacred sites, is also located in the Forbidden City. The Forbidden City, which is a fascinating place to visit, is a must-see for anyone visiting Beijing. It is a fascinating place to learn about Chinese history and a fantastic place to take a tour.

The Forbidden City: A Symbol Of Power And Privilege

It was once known as the most difficult place on the planet, despite its reputation as the most inaccessible. Imperial families and business associates were the only people who could enter. Imperial power and privilege were expressed through the city’s name. As one of the highest points in a social hierarchy, the roof design represented a pinnacle.

Why Is The Forbidden City Symbolic?

Despite the fact that the Forbidden City’s massive roofs were historically significant, they did not appear to be unique. A hip roof (which slopes down all sides) in a building that an emperor lived or did important business indicates a building in the social hierarchy where the emperor lived or did important business.

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There are numerous monuments in Beijing that date back to the Chinese emperors’ dynastic rule, but the Forbidden City is unique in that it is 600 years old. The entire forbidden city is made up of mathematical logic, with two lines of symmetry cut in between. The pavilions are usually built in accordance with geometric rules that have been designed to be followed by even the most avid mathematicians. The Forbidden City has ten different types of roofs. The characteristics of the roofs will become more symbolic. It has the highest roofing level of any structure in the Supreme Harmony area. Its ten mythical animals at each of its angles demonstrate its superiority to those sheltered beneath.

The outer court’s terraces are more extensive than the others. In Chinese culture, the emperor’s clothing colors are extremely important. According to Chinese symbolism, purple represents the polar star’s color. In front of the Palace of Supreme Harmony, there is a sundial and a grain measure. A city that contained 9999 pieces would not reach its fate, making it the same height as the habitat of the Gods, according to ancient texts. According to Chinese culture, there is a limit to what can be counted. They considered the number to be deified because it was in the uncountable.

The son of a peasant, Zhu Di reigned as the Ming dynasty’s ruler for seven years beginning in 1368. He hoped to unify China and eliminate the power of the warlords in order to defeat them. He began a massive construction program in response to this request, including the construction of the Forbidden City.
Originally, the palace in the Forbidden City was intended to serve as a series of concentric rings, with the emperor at the center. The palace was designed to house the emperor’s courtiers, as well as his family. The imperial medical school, an imperial treasury, and an imperial library were also located in the Forbidden City.
The Forbidden City, in addition to being beautiful, served a practical purpose. There were strong walls and gates around the palace, and it was well-defended from intrusions. The emperor could meet with his subjects and preside over ceremonies in the imperial palace, which was also used as a meeting point.
There is no doubt that the Forbidden City is a magnificent example of Chinese architecture from the Ming Dynasty. The site is a testament to the emperor’s immense influence and power, and it serves as a permanent reminder of his long reign.

The Forbidden City: A Perfect Place For The Emperor To Fulfill His Role

The Forbidden City, with its impressive architecture, is a symbol of world harmony. The emperor was the embodiment of the will of heaven and Earth’s practical rule, and he was the ideal figure to carry out his role in the Forbidden City.

Why Is China Called The Forbidden City?

There are a few reasons China is called the Forbidden City. The first reason is because the Chinese government has forbidden foreigners from visiting the country. The second reason is because the city is off-limits to most people. The third reason is because the city is full of ancient Chinese artifacts and architecture that are not allowed to be seen by the outside world.

In English, the name Zijincheng (Purple Forbidden City) is translated as the Forbidden City. Purple Forbidden City is named after ancient Chinese philosophy and astronomy. Purple is associated with wealth, and the color purple is thought to represent wealth in Chinese culture. This is the symbol for the emergence of sages, emperors, and treasures in history. The Emperor’s residence, known as Zigong (‘Purple Palace,’ was the name given to it. The feudal emperors of China placed a high value on hierarchical order. Imperial bodyguards stationed outside the palace’s gates, preventing ordinary people from entering the palace. The attraction, which was once a popular tourist attraction in Beijing, has now become one of the most popular attractions around the world.

The Forbidden City: A History

It is said that the first emperor of China, Han Dynasty (618-750 BC), Emperor Qin Shi Huang, founded the Forbidden City in the sixth century BC. Beijing was a small village located on the eastern bank of the Huangpu River at the time. The emperor wanted a place where he could remain isolated from the rest of the world while focusing on his rule over China. The Forbidden City was originally just a palace, but it quickly grew into a massive structure with over 20,000 rooms, 700,000 square meters, and numerous other features. According to legend, the emperor lived in the Forbidden City for only six months out of the year, and all other residents of Beijing were barred entry. The Imperial Studies, the Palace Courtyard, and the Forbidden City Museum are all now museums. It is not only a popular tourist destination because of its stunning architecture and large collections of treasures, but it is also a popular tourist destination because of its beautiful architecture.

Interesting Facts About The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City, located in the heart of Beijing, is the world’s largest palace complex and has been home to emperors, their families, and their staff for centuries. Today, the Forbidden City is a popular tourist destination and houses the Palace Museum, which contains an extensive collection of art and artifacts from China’s imperial past. Here are 10 interesting facts about the Forbidden City: 1. The Forbidden City was built between 1406 and 1420 during the Ming Dynasty. 2. The Forbidden City covers an area of 720,000 square meters (178 acres) and has 9,999 rooms. 3. The Forbidden City was the political and ceremonial center of China for 500 years. 4. The Forbidden City was designed to be the home of the emperor and his family, as well as a place to host important state ceremonies. 5. Only the emperor, his family, and his staff were allowed to live in the Forbidden City. Commoners were not allowed to enter. 6. The Forbidden City was guarded by a force of up to 10,000 soldiers. 7. The Forbidden City was opened to the public in 1925. 8. The Palace Museum in the Forbidden City houses over 1.8 million artifacts, making it one of the largest museums in the world. 9. The Forbidden City is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 10. Over 14 million people visit the Forbidden City each year.

The Forbidden City is now a museum that is open to the public. Despite the fact that it is no longer used as a hotel, the palace retains its former grandeur. It is made up of a diverse range of materials, many of which are traditional in nature and modern in design. It is an intriguing place to visit and learn about its rich history.

Who Lived In The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty—the years 1420 to 1912. It is located in the center of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. It served as the home of emperors and their households as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government for almost 500 years.

The Forbidden City, located in Beijing’s heart, is a massive area covered in red walls and yellow glazed roof tiles. The Forbidden City was home to 24 emperors, their families, and servants during the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties. It was built to the Treatise on Architectural Methods or State Building Standards (Yingzao fashi), a Chinese manual from the eleventh century that specified designs for buildings of various ranks in Chinese social structures. The imperial family’s imperial courts are located in the inner courts of the Forbidden City, while the public court is located on the outer courts. The Palace of Heavenly Purity was a magnificent palace building designed to represent the emperor’s supreme status. A number of identical, walled palace compounds make up the shape of K’un (*), one of the eight trigrams of ancient Chinese philosophy. Because it represents mother and earth, it is a symbol of feminine roles for the palace’s occupants, as well as a metaphor for how they should play them.

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In the northeast corner of the Forbidden City, Emperor Qianlong (r. 1735–96) built the Hall of Pleasant Longevity (Leshoutang), which serves as his retirement palace. An emperor and empress dowager were traditionally seated on the eastern and western sides of the inner court. These structures have survived, but the Manchus have also constructed their own, militaristic spaces.

A royal palace built between 1406 and 1420 by the first Ming Emperor, Yongle, has been preserved as the Forbidden City. Originally known as the Temple Yi Men (Heavenly Purity), it was a Buddhist temple. The palace was renamed the Forbidden City in 1644 to protect it from an attack by the fifth Ming Emperor, Shunzhi. In the city of the Forbidden City, the emperor and his family lived a relatively simple life. The emperor and other members of the royal family lived in the imperial palace, while the rest of the population lived in palace quarters. In addition, the Forbidden City served as the location for the emperor’s court and for his receiving visitors. China’s Forbidden City is one of the most important aspects of the country’s culture. The museum contains several artifacts of significant importance in Chinese history, as well as information about the country’s history.

The Forbidden City: A Unesco World Heritage Site

Why does the Forbidden City get listed as a world heritage site? It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 1987. The site is widely regarded as one of the most representative and representative examples of the Ming and Qing Dynasty architecture.

15 Interesting Forbidden City Facts You Didn’t Know

The Forbidden City

China’s most glorious palace sits in the heart of the capital city of Beijing. As one of China’s largest and most well-preserved heritage sites, the Forbidden City is a must-see for all visitors to China.

It is considered to be among the world’s top 5 most important palaces of all time, and is China’s most popular single-site tourist attraction. Read on for the top facts pertinent to tourists.

Chinese name: 故宫 Gùgōng /goo-gong/ ‘Formers Palace’

1. The Forbidden City is the world’s largest imperial palace.

The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City occupies 720,000 sq m (7,750,000 sq ft), over three times larger than the Louvre Palace in France. An estimated 1 million laborers worked to complete the structure.

It has more than 90 palace quarters and courtyards, 980 buildings and over 8,728 rooms. (A common myth states that there are 9,999.5 rooms, but it is not supported by survey evidence.)

For a size comparison, the Vatican measures 440,000 square meters, and the Kremlin measures 275,000 square meters. The impressiveness of the size and scale of this ancient fortified palace is not to be missed.

You will be unable to appreciate all the palace quarters even you spend a full day there. Our insider’s guide will help you to plan your trip.

2. There are European and Arabic style buildings in the Forbidden City.

In the west of the Forbidden City, there is a peculiar building with a strong Arabic style. It is named Yude Hall (浴德堂), built in the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368). A Persian architect designed the Arabic-style bathroom.

Later, in the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), the Yongle Emperor – Zhu Di – built the Forbidden City on the site of the Yuan Dynasty’s capital city. A large number of the buildings were demolished but, fortunately, Yude Hall was preserved.

The other building is European-styled Lingzhao Xuan in Yanxi Palace. As Yanxi Palace suffered several fires, the Qing court wanted to build a fire-proof building with a pool at the bottom out of steel and stone (as most Chinese buildings were wooden, this employed some European architectural principles). However, due to the lack of funds and the revolutionary uprising at the end of the Qing Dynasty, it was stopped in the middle of construction.

3. The majestic Outer Court has no trees.

The Forbidden City

You can find no trees in the Outer Court.

The Forbidden City is composed of a ceremonial Outer Court and a residential Inner Court. You can find many trees in the Inner Court, but no trees in the Outer Court.

There is no universal conclusion as to why there are no trees in the Outer Court. However, there are two main theories:

1. As the Outer Court was where solemn public ceremonies were held, and the emperors’ “supreme godly power” and imperial dignity were displayed, no trees were allowed, as they would overshadow or disrupt the majesty of the atmosphere.

2. A lack of vegetation would give assassins nowhere to hide, and clear lines of sight for defensive purposes.

4. The Forbidden City was home to 24 Chinese emperors.

Emperor Yongle, third of the Ming Dynasty, began its construction in 1406 and the complex was completed in 1420. 14 Ming emperors held power there until the Manchus took possession in 1644, and moved the capital to Shenyang for a few months.

The Qing Dynasty soon moved the capital back to Beijing and the Forbidden City. 10 Qing emperors ruled from there until the abdication of the last emperor in 1912, at the creation of the Republic of China.

5. The Forbidden City is a masterpiece of Chinese architecture.

The Forbidden City of China

The Forbidden City is the world’s largest collection of well-preserved medieval wooden structures.

Apart from the magnitude of the complex, the detail of the architecture is also astounding. Every detail reflects features of traditional Chinese architecture and rich Chinese culture. For example:

  • Except for Donghua Gate (‘East Glory’ Gate), all gates in the Forbidden City are decorated with a nine-by-nine array of gilded door-studs. Nine implies supremacy and eternity in Chinese culture.
  • Rows of auspicious animal statues, such as dragons, phoenixes, and lions, were placed along roof ridges of the important halls to invoke prosperity and good fortune.

6. The Palace Museum is one of the world’s largest cultural museums.

The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City, a.k.a. the Palace Museum, is home to the best collection of Chinese historical artifacts in the world. Collections span thousands of years of Chinese history and it’s considered one of the best museums in the world. It’s top of China’s top 10 museums list.

Visitors can see a stunning array of ancient treasures and buildings while touring the complex. Ancient porcelain and jade, gardens, courtyards, and relics of historic significance for China and the world feature prominently. For more see The Top 10 Treasures in the Forbidden City.

7. Birds cannot land on the roofs of the Forbidden City.

When visiting the Forbidden City, you may notice that no birds are sitting on the roofs. This is because the roofs have a special design.

roofs of the Forbidden City

To keep the birds from landing on the roofs, so as to retain the cleanliness and magnificence of the Forbidden City, the smart craftsmen came up with an idea: they made the slope of each roof higher and made the roof spine wider than the width between a bird’s claws so that birds are unable to land on the roofs.

Also, the roofs are made of glazed tile. These tiles are very slippery, making it impossible for birds to land on them.

8. The colors of the Forbidden City are based on fengshui.

The main colors of the Forbidden City are red and yellow.

The roofs are yellow. In Chinese five elements philosophy, yellow belongs to the earth element, and its orientation in the five elements diagram represents the center, symbolizing the supremacy of the emperor (on Earth).

The walls and pillars were red. Red represents fire and fire generates earth, thus the royal family believed red pillars would impart a solid foundation and strong support.

Some buildings were built in different colors because of their usage. For example, Wenyuan Pavilion, used for collecting books, has black tiles and black walls. Because black represents water, and water can overcome fire, it was seen as a way to preserve the collections through geomancy.

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9. 40% of the Forbidden City is still forbidden access.

The Palace Museum is already large enough for you to spend over a day exploring. Can you believe that’s only the 60% that’s currently open to the public?

Closed areas include work areas, areas that haven’t been repaired, and areas used for special purposes such as storage of cultural relics.

Hall of Mental Cultivation(Yang Xin Dian)

Gate of Heavenly Purity (Qianqingmen)

Palace of Heavenly Purity(Qianqing Gong)

Hall of Central Harmony(Zhonghe Hall)

 Palace of Union and Peace (Jiaotai Dian)

Forbidden City Architecture (The Top 10 Features)

Hall of Supreme Harmony(Taihe Hall)

Imperial Garden of Beijing Forbidden City

10. The floor tiles of the Forbidden City are ‘gold bricks’.

The floor tiles in the halls are very valuable. They’re not made of gold, but they cost the same! Thus, they were called ‘gold bricks’. It took 29 procedures to make a ‘gold brick’.

According to an artisan who makes such floor tiles now, it takes a year to copy production of the bricks in the ancient way, with a yield of only 20 percent usability.

In a collectors’ market, two original Forbidden City floor tiles of the Yongle period (1402–24) sold for 800,000 yuan.

11. The Forbidden City has special guards – cats.

a cat in the Forbidden City

There are now more than 100 cats living in the Forbidden City. When you visit the Forbidden City, you may come across some of them.

Why does the Forbidden City have cats? It is because many concubines kept cats in the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1912) dynasties.

Although the dynasties collapsed, those cats remained in the Forbidden City for generations. Therefore, some of the cats in the Forbidden City are the descendants of those royal cats.

Others are stray cats that have entered from outside the Forbidden City.

These cats will move around a fixed area, patrol every corner, and catch mice. They guard the Forbidden City with their prowess.

12. Part of the museum’s former collection is in Taiwan.

In 1933, some national treasures in the Forbidden City were evacuated to preserve them from the threat of Japanese invasion. After the end of World War II, some of the collection was returned, but some is now housed in the National Palace Museum in Taipei.

13. Fire protection is crucial in the Forbidden City.

the forbidden city

The Forbidden City is one of the largest and best-preserved ancient wooden complexes in the world. Once a fire breaks out, there will be irreparable consequences.

The Forbidden City has 94 underground hydrants, 4,866 fire extinguishers, and 55 preplanned firefighting activities.

There is a special fire brigade dedicated to fire prevention in the Forbidden City. They check the fire equipment every day. One of their daily training exercises is to run along the city walls carrying fire hoses.

Because fire engines can’t get through to most of the palaces, firemen need to remember the whole layout of the Forbidden City. In the event of a fire, they must run as fast as they can to put out the fire.

14. The Forbidden City is the China attraction with most international tourist visits.

visit the Forbidden City

Travel with us and our guide will help you to avoid the crowds.

Due to its cultural significance and unique beauty, the Forbidden City is extremely popular with both Chinese and foreign tourists. The palace museum boasts 14 million visitors annually, more than any single section of the Great Wall.

These overwhelming numbers often make for extensive lines, particularly on national holidays and weekends. The Chinese government is working hard to ensure the constant flow of visitors is well-regulated, and to prevent harm to the ancient buildings by the large crowds.

The palace is considered a must-see for everyone lucky enough to visit Beijing.

15. A Forbidden City trip is not complete without a visit to Jingshan Park.

You can enjoy a hilltop view of the whole complex

You can enjoy a hilltop view of the whole complex.

If you want to see how large the Forbidden City is, pay a visit to nearby Jingshan Park, where you can enjoy a hilltop view of the whole complex.

Jingshan Park is a few minutes’ walk from the Forbidden City exit – a perfect end for your tour.

Visit the Forbidden City with Local Experts

The Forbidden City

Travel with us to discover more things about the Forbidden City, such as the corner tower.

The Forbidden City is a complex attraction, rich in history and culture. It is advisable to travel with a knowledgeable guide, who can bring the background to life and help you to avoid the crowds.

Here are two recommended itineraries, including the Forbidden City, for your inspiration:

Why is the Forbidden City Important?

As the imperial palace, the center of politics and the seat of power during the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644 AD) and Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911 AD), Forbidden City is an epitome of Chinese history and culture. It is also a rare and well protected historical and cultural heritage as well as a museum built on the original palace site for the purposes of protection and displaying arts, architecture, history, and court culture at the same time. It has always been of vital importance and irreplaceable cultural significance in both ancient and modern times.

Forbidden City Architecture1. In early Ming Dynasty, it helped to stabilize the emperor’s ruling over the country.

In the early Ming Dynasty, the capital city was Nanjing in southern China instead of Beijing in the north. Given the threat of northern nomads that had always been there, the third emperor of Ming Dynasty Zhu Di relocated the capital in Beijing and built the Forbidden City, moving the political center to the north to better guard the northern border. Thus he could ensure the safety of his country and stability of imperial power.

What’s more, Zhu Di usurped the throne. In the old capital Nanjing, there were quite a lot of ministers unwilling to work for him and even were opposed publicly to him. On the contrary, Beijing was his former fiefdom with many his supporters. Relocating the capital in Beijing would make him get rid of some obstructionists to rule the country with high proficiency.

See more: Why was the Forbidden City built?

2. It is the only existing imperial architectural complex in China.

As the only living and best example of the imperial palace in China, Forbidden City is a representative of China’s ancient official architecture, showing the supreme techniques and craftsmanship on construction. It is a treasure in China’s architectural history.

See more: Forbidden City Architecture

3. Its collections are from all ages of Chinese civilization, second to none.

Forbidden City Collection
Delicate Collection in Forbidden City

The relics preserved in Forbidden City are not only from Ming and Qing Dynasties as you imagine. There are more than 1.8 million pieces of relics now in Forbidden City from the Neolithic Age to the Qing Dynasty even to modern time. These relics cover the best ones of both Han and ethnic nationalities. They can be classified into 25 big categorizes and 69 small categories. They are the tangible evidence of five-thousand years’ history and civilization of China.

The precious porcelains include Blue and White Porcelain Bowl with Arabic and Persian Calligraphy, Famille Rose Dish with Antique Motifs on Yellow Ground, and Tricolor Pottery Figurine of a Central Asian Man Riding a Camel; representative calligraphic works are Coral (Shanhu tie) by Mi Fu, and Thousand-Character Essay in Cursive Script by Zhao Mengfu. In addition to the various palaces, there is a special Treasure Gallery displaying these treasures.

4. It promotes cultural exchanges between China and other countries.

Forbidden City is a must when foreign visitors come to Beijing, showing Chinese culture to the world, therefore it plays an important role in promoting Sino-foreign cultural communication. Besides, in the Meridian Gate or Gate of Divine Prowess, aperiodic displays are held now and then to show China’s top relics as well as precious art works of other countries, such as the Cartier Craftsmanship and Restoration Exhibition held in June and July in 2019




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