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7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel (Free & Paid)

Off-trail travel isn’t easy, but it’s a lot easier than it used to be thanks to GPS apps. With a reliable backcountry GPS app, you can tell exactly where you are and where you need to go.

Having detailed maps in the backcountry and being able to check my precise GPS location has completely changed the way I approach climbing, skiing, and hiking. In this guide, I’ll review 7 of the best hiking GPS apps and explain what to look for when choosing backcountry navigation tools.

Caltopo

Gaia GPS

BackCountry Navigator

Caltopo

Overall Best Backcountry GPS App

Shaded relief base maps

High-resolution slope angle shading

Excellent web platform for trip planning

Tons of map overlays

Not great for track recording

Free (offline maps from $20/year)

This whole guide could be reduced to a glowing review for Caltopo. Simply put, there’s no better backcountry GPS app and nothing else you need to get around on-trail or off.

Caltopo’s shaded relief base maps are the best of any mapping app I’ve tried. Even without the topo lines you’d have a pretty good sense of what’s uphill and how steep it is. If you don’t love the base maps like I do, Caltopo also has Forest Service maps and scanned topo maps.

The next best feature is slope angle shading. I can’t overstate how important this is when creating your own routes in steep terrain and for navigating avalanche terrain in winter. The data Caltopo uses for slope angle shading is extremely high resolution, so it captures features that don’t show up in the topo lines.

There are so many more advanced features to Caltopo, including an outstanding website for trip planning and integration with real-time Sentinel satellite imagery. I can’t recommend this app highly enough.

Caltopo

Gaia GPS

Best GPS App for Recording Routes

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - Gaia GPS

Good organizational features

Lots of map layers

Excels at track recording

Very easy to use

Expensive compared to other apps

Free (offline maps from $39.99/year)

Gaia GPS is an incredibly popular GPS app and my favorite hiking app for years before I switched to Caltopo.

There’s a lot to like about Gaia GPS. The base maps are great, it’s easy to organize routes you have planned, and there are tons of trail map overlays to choose from. You can also use Gaia GPS with an Apple Watch, which is great for following a track.

The main reason I switched from Gaia GPS is that you need a premium membership for slope angle shading, which is a bummer since Gaia GPS is already somewhat pricey compared to other hiking apps. The price is still affordable in the big scheme of mountaineering, though, so don’t let this dissuade you.

One of the key advantages to Gaia GPS is that its route recording tools are excellent. You can pause recording at any time or continue a track from one day to the next even if you turn your phone off overnight. If you like to keep track of your mileage and elevation gain across trips, Gaia GPS makes it easy.

Gaia GPS

BackCountry Navigator

Best for Offline Navigation

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - BackCountry Navigator

Grid-based system for offline maps

Includes PDF topo maps

Great base maps

Huge variety of map overlays

Doesn’t offer slope angle shading

BackCountry Navigator is another highly reliable GPS app for off-trail travel. It shares a lot of features in common with Caltopo and Gaia GPS, including excellent shaded relief base maps and a huge selection of map overlays.

One of the things that stands out about BackCountry Navigator is its grid-based system for downloading offline maps. This makes it easier to download just the area you need, so you don’t take up a ton of storage space on your phone with maps. BackCountry Navigator also has PDF versions of Forest Service topo maps, which can be cool if you want to practice traditional navigation with a compass.

Like Caltopo and Gaia GPS, BackCountry Navigator offers a web-based route planner that syncs automatically to the mobile app. So, it’s easy to plan out routes from the comfort of home and then follow them in the backcountry.

BackCountry Navigator

AllTrails

Best App for Hikers

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - AllTrails

Find trails to hike anywhere in the world

Get alerts if you stray off-route

Simple track recording tools

Free version available

Expensive for offline maps

Very limited off-trail mapping capabilities

Free (offline maps cost $35.99/year)

If you’re planning to stick to hiking trails, you don’t need as much navigational firepower as apps like Caltopo and Gaia GPS offer. AllTrails was built specifically for on-trail adventures and it’s a great app for casual hikers. The maps aren’t incredible, but you can easily record a track and even get alerts if you start to stray off your planned route.

The real reason an avid hiker should choose AllTrails is that it can help you figure out where to go hiking. The trail guide database in this popular hiking app includes more than 100,000 trails with detailed hike descriptions. You can filter trails by location, length, difficulty, trail conditions, and more.

If you start hiking and decide you want a longer or shorter day, the AllTrails app makes it easy to see what trails are nearby so you can adjust your route. AllTrails also has a strong hiking community where you can chat with fellow hikers.

AllTrails

OnX Backcountry

Best for Mapping Land Ownership

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - OnX Backcountry

Best-in-class land management overlays

Identify easements through private land

Slope angle and aspect overlays for backcountry skiing

Integrated weather and avalanche forecasts

Trail vs. Snow Mode distinction is annoying

Free (offline maps cost $29.99/year)

In some areas of the country, it’s important to know who the land manager is. For example, in the North Cascades, the rules around backcountry travel are completely different if you’re within national park boundaries or on Forest Service-managed land. Some climbs also require navigating around private land or through easements.

OnX Backcountry offers by far the best map overlays for understanding land management. OnX got its start in the hunting space, where land ownership is a big deal. No other app offers nearly as much detail about who owns each parcel of land or highlights easements.

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The OnX Backcountry app also offers a ton of other important navigation features, including slope angle shading, route tracking, and customizable waypoints. It also has some neat features specifically for ski touring, including slope aspect shading, real-time weather forecasts, and avalanche forecasts.

OnX Backcountry

Maps 3D Pro

Best for 3D Mapping

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - Maps 3D Pro

See your route in 3D

Plan routes in the app

Download offline maps

Very limited navigation features

Not available for Android devices

If you struggle with understanding terrain from topo lines alone, Maps 3D Pro can be a game-changer. This app renders the terrain in 3D so you can see how a route climbs to a summit. It’s really neat to be able to see how a particular climb follows terrain features like ribs and gullies.

Maps 3D Pro is far from a serious off-trail navigation tool. But it’s inexpensive and you can download maps offline, so it’s worth checking out if you enjoy having 3D maps in the backcountry.

Maps 3D Pro

PeakVisor

Best for Peak Identification

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - PeakVisor

Identify peaks around you

Neat AR features

Very limited GPS functionality

Free on iOS, $4.99 on Android

PeakVisor is another fun hiking app that you’ll be glad to have when you’re standing on a summit and looking out at nearby mountains. With this mountain identification app, you simply point your phone at the horizon and PeakVisor will label each of the peaks.

The app works around the world, which is pretty nice. It also offers some 3D mapping features, although these aren’t very useful for navigation. The app is completely free for iOS users, but there’s a $4.99 charge for the Android app.

PeakVisor

Heading

Heading

How Can a Hiking App Help in the Backcountry?

It wasn’t that long ago that traveling off-trail meant having to stop every 30 minutes to spend 10 minutes checking the map and trying to figure out where you were. It was all too easy to end up hiking the wrong drainage, climbing the wrong gully, or even summiting the wrong peak altogether.

Backcountry GPS apps have completely changed off-trail travel. It’s no longer a guessing game and you can even download a GPS track from someone who’s done the route before. Having a backcountry app for navigation and knowing how to use it makes it much easier to move through complex terrain without getting lost.

The other big advantage GPS apps bring to the table is that they offer outstanding trip planning features. Before you ever leave home, you can use map overlays, other climbers’ GPX files, and slope angle shading to figure out the best way to approach a mountain. These apps offer much more detail than a traditional paper map, saving you from heading out on a route that’s doomed to fail.

What Features Should a Good Hiking App Have?

I rely heavily on GPS apps for mountaineering, and I’ve found a few features that I simply can’t live without anymore.

Offline Maps

It goes without saying, there usually isn’t cell service in the backcountry. So, having the ability to download offlines maps is an absolute must.

Virtually all of the best GPS apps offer offline maps, but this feature is usually reserved for the premium version of each app. Most hiking apps are pretty affordable and I’d argue this is one of the best investments you can make for backcountry adventuring.

One thing to pay attention to is how much data is included when you download maps. Apps like Caltopo include a ton of overlays with downloads, including slope angle shading. Backcountry Navigator gives you more control over the area you download so you don’t use up all the storage space on your smartphone.

Base Maps

It might sound silly, but the quality of the base maps that each hiking app uses can make a big difference. Shaded relief maps let you quickly judge the terrain without having to squint at topo lines.

Virtually all top GPS apps offer Forest Service topos and other base map options. But try actually using these to navigate and you’ll quickly realize that a good set of default maps is pretty important.

Map Overlays

Map overlays are awesome, and you’ll find some really unique overlays in the GPS apps I reviewed. There are few overlays that I think are critical features.

Slope angle shading map overlays are the best thing to happen to backcountry navigation since GPS itself. These overlays show you terrain features that are hidden between contour lines and make it far easier to judge the best route up a mountain. Slope angle shading is also a crucial safety feature for ski touring and winter hiking when you need to be able to identify avalanche terrain.

Satellite imagery overlays are also really useful. You can see what areas still have snow, where crevasses are located on glaciers, and whether a ridge is too sheer to be climbable.

Other helpful overlays to look for include burn area maps, land ownership maps, cell coverage maps, and slope aspect maps.

Track Recording

Most hiking apps let you record your GPS track, but some do it better than others. For example, Gaia GPS lets you pause your recording, which is great if you don’t want to include a side trip in your route. If you do record your tracks, be mindful that your hiking app will use up a lot of battery life.

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel (Free & Paid)

Off-trail travel isn’t easy, but it’s a lot easier than it used to be thanks to GPS apps. With a reliable backcountry GPS app, you can tell exactly where you are and where you need to go.

Having detailed maps in the backcountry and being able to check my precise GPS location has completely changed the way I approach climbing, skiing, and hiking. In this guide, I’ll review 7 of the best hiking GPS apps and explain what to look for when choosing backcountry navigation tools.

Caltopo

Gaia GPS

BackCountry Navigator

Caltopo

Overall Best Backcountry GPS App

Shaded relief base maps

High-resolution slope angle shading

Excellent web platform for trip planning

Tons of map overlays

Not great for track recording

Free (offline maps from $20/year)

This whole guide could be reduced to a glowing review for Caltopo. Simply put, there’s no better backcountry GPS app and nothing else you need to get around on-trail or off.

Caltopo’s shaded relief base maps are the best of any mapping app I’ve tried. Even without the topo lines you’d have a pretty good sense of what’s uphill and how steep it is. If you don’t love the base maps like I do, Caltopo also has Forest Service maps and scanned topo maps.

The next best feature is slope angle shading. I can’t overstate how important this is when creating your own routes in steep terrain and for navigating avalanche terrain in winter. The data Caltopo uses for slope angle shading is extremely high resolution, so it captures features that don’t show up in the topo lines.

There are so many more advanced features to Caltopo, including an outstanding website for trip planning and integration with real-time Sentinel satellite imagery. I can’t recommend this app highly enough.

Caltopo

Gaia GPS

Best GPS App for Recording Routes

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - Gaia GPS

Good organizational features

Lots of map layers

Excels at track recording

Read Post  Trails: Laugavegur

Very easy to use

Expensive compared to other apps

Free (offline maps from $39.99/year)

Gaia GPS is an incredibly popular GPS app and my favorite hiking app for years before I switched to Caltopo.

There’s a lot to like about Gaia GPS. The base maps are great, it’s easy to organize routes you have planned, and there are tons of trail map overlays to choose from. You can also use Gaia GPS with an Apple Watch, which is great for following a track.

The main reason I switched from Gaia GPS is that you need a premium membership for slope angle shading, which is a bummer since Gaia GPS is already somewhat pricey compared to other hiking apps. The price is still affordable in the big scheme of mountaineering, though, so don’t let this dissuade you.

One of the key advantages to Gaia GPS is that its route recording tools are excellent. You can pause recording at any time or continue a track from one day to the next even if you turn your phone off overnight. If you like to keep track of your mileage and elevation gain across trips, Gaia GPS makes it easy.

Gaia GPS

BackCountry Navigator

Best for Offline Navigation

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - BackCountry Navigator

Grid-based system for offline maps

Includes PDF topo maps

Great base maps

Huge variety of map overlays

Doesn’t offer slope angle shading

BackCountry Navigator is another highly reliable GPS app for off-trail travel. It shares a lot of features in common with Caltopo and Gaia GPS, including excellent shaded relief base maps and a huge selection of map overlays.

One of the things that stands out about BackCountry Navigator is its grid-based system for downloading offline maps. This makes it easier to download just the area you need, so you don’t take up a ton of storage space on your phone with maps. BackCountry Navigator also has PDF versions of Forest Service topo maps, which can be cool if you want to practice traditional navigation with a compass.

Like Caltopo and Gaia GPS, BackCountry Navigator offers a web-based route planner that syncs automatically to the mobile app. So, it’s easy to plan out routes from the comfort of home and then follow them in the backcountry.

BackCountry Navigator

AllTrails

Best App for Hikers

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - AllTrails

Find trails to hike anywhere in the world

Get alerts if you stray off-route

Simple track recording tools

Free version available

Expensive for offline maps

Very limited off-trail mapping capabilities

Free (offline maps cost $35.99/year)

If you’re planning to stick to hiking trails, you don’t need as much navigational firepower as apps like Caltopo and Gaia GPS offer. AllTrails was built specifically for on-trail adventures and it’s a great app for casual hikers. The maps aren’t incredible, but you can easily record a track and even get alerts if you start to stray off your planned route.

The real reason an avid hiker should choose AllTrails is that it can help you figure out where to go hiking. The trail guide database in this popular hiking app includes more than 100,000 trails with detailed hike descriptions. You can filter trails by location, length, difficulty, trail conditions, and more.

If you start hiking and decide you want a longer or shorter day, the AllTrails app makes it easy to see what trails are nearby so you can adjust your route. AllTrails also has a strong hiking community where you can chat with fellow hikers.

AllTrails

OnX Backcountry

Best for Mapping Land Ownership

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - OnX Backcountry

Best-in-class land management overlays

Identify easements through private land

Slope angle and aspect overlays for backcountry skiing

Integrated weather and avalanche forecasts

Trail vs. Snow Mode distinction is annoying

Free (offline maps cost $29.99/year)

In some areas of the country, it’s important to know who the land manager is. For example, in the North Cascades, the rules around backcountry travel are completely different if you’re within national park boundaries or on Forest Service-managed land. Some climbs also require navigating around private land or through easements.

OnX Backcountry offers by far the best map overlays for understanding land management. OnX got its start in the hunting space, where land ownership is a big deal. No other app offers nearly as much detail about who owns each parcel of land or highlights easements.

The OnX Backcountry app also offers a ton of other important navigation features, including slope angle shading, route tracking, and customizable waypoints. It also has some neat features specifically for ski touring, including slope aspect shading, real-time weather forecasts, and avalanche forecasts.

OnX Backcountry

Maps 3D Pro

Best for 3D Mapping

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - Maps 3D Pro

See your route in 3D

Plan routes in the app

Download offline maps

Very limited navigation features

Not available for Android devices

If you struggle with understanding terrain from topo lines alone, Maps 3D Pro can be a game-changer. This app renders the terrain in 3D so you can see how a route climbs to a summit. It’s really neat to be able to see how a particular climb follows terrain features like ribs and gullies.

Maps 3D Pro is far from a serious off-trail navigation tool. But it’s inexpensive and you can download maps offline, so it’s worth checking out if you enjoy having 3D maps in the backcountry.

Maps 3D Pro

PeakVisor

Best for Peak Identification

7 Best Hiking GPS Apps For Backcountry Travel - PeakVisor

Identify peaks around you

Neat AR features

Very limited GPS functionality

Free on iOS, $4.99 on Android

PeakVisor is another fun hiking app that you’ll be glad to have when you’re standing on a summit and looking out at nearby mountains. With this mountain identification app, you simply point your phone at the horizon and PeakVisor will label each of the peaks.

The app works around the world, which is pretty nice. It also offers some 3D mapping features, although these aren’t very useful for navigation. The app is completely free for iOS users, but there’s a $4.99 charge for the Android app.

PeakVisor

Heading

Heading

How Can a Hiking App Help in the Backcountry?

It wasn’t that long ago that traveling off-trail meant having to stop every 30 minutes to spend 10 minutes checking the map and trying to figure out where you were. It was all too easy to end up hiking the wrong drainage, climbing the wrong gully, or even summiting the wrong peak altogether.

Backcountry GPS apps have completely changed off-trail travel. It’s no longer a guessing game and you can even download a GPS track from someone who’s done the route before. Having a backcountry app for navigation and knowing how to use it makes it much easier to move through complex terrain without getting lost.

The other big advantage GPS apps bring to the table is that they offer outstanding trip planning features. Before you ever leave home, you can use map overlays, other climbers’ GPX files, and slope angle shading to figure out the best way to approach a mountain. These apps offer much more detail than a traditional paper map, saving you from heading out on a route that’s doomed to fail.

What Features Should a Good Hiking App Have?

I rely heavily on GPS apps for mountaineering, and I’ve found a few features that I simply can’t live without anymore.

Offline Maps

It goes without saying, there usually isn’t cell service in the backcountry. So, having the ability to download offlines maps is an absolute must.

Virtually all of the best GPS apps offer offline maps, but this feature is usually reserved for the premium version of each app. Most hiking apps are pretty affordable and I’d argue this is one of the best investments you can make for backcountry adventuring.

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One thing to pay attention to is how much data is included when you download maps. Apps like Caltopo include a ton of overlays with downloads, including slope angle shading. Backcountry Navigator gives you more control over the area you download so you don’t use up all the storage space on your smartphone.

Base Maps

It might sound silly, but the quality of the base maps that each hiking app uses can make a big difference. Shaded relief maps let you quickly judge the terrain without having to squint at topo lines.

Virtually all top GPS apps offer Forest Service topos and other base map options. But try actually using these to navigate and you’ll quickly realize that a good set of default maps is pretty important.

Map Overlays

Map overlays are awesome, and you’ll find some really unique overlays in the GPS apps I reviewed. There are few overlays that I think are critical features.

Slope angle shading map overlays are the best thing to happen to backcountry navigation since GPS itself. These overlays show you terrain features that are hidden between contour lines and make it far easier to judge the best route up a mountain. Slope angle shading is also a crucial safety feature for ski touring and winter hiking when you need to be able to identify avalanche terrain.

Satellite imagery overlays are also really useful. You can see what areas still have snow, where crevasses are located on glaciers, and whether a ridge is too sheer to be climbable.

Other helpful overlays to look for include burn area maps, land ownership maps, cell coverage maps, and slope aspect maps.

Track Recording

Most hiking apps let you record your GPS track, but some do it better than others. For example, Gaia GPS lets you pause your recording, which is great if you don’t want to include a side trip in your route. If you do record your tracks, be mindful that your hiking app will use up a lot of battery life.

The Best Hiking Apps – Offline Outdoor Navigation Apps

The use of smartphones out in the wilderness is controversial, but there’s no question the technology has real utility. Even if you personally eschew the regular use of a smartphone on your backpacking or paddling or hunting adventures, it’s not a bad idea to have one stowed away in the pack: If nothing else, it’s another emergency tool in case you run into trouble.

Topographical Map Used for Navigation

But there’s much else to take advantage of, outdoors-wise, with today’s immensely powerful mobile devices. (And, incidentally, a 2013 report by the Outdoor Foundation suggested close to 40 percent of all Americans do take advantage of them while engaged in outdoor recreation.) Smartphone apps can deliver you instant trailside flower guides, birdsong identifiers, celestial charts—and, most notable of all of course, maps and other navigational references for both staying oriented and recording your own movements through the backcountry.

Here we’re going to round up some of the best hiking apps for offline navigation on the market: programs that serve up topographic charts, satellite images, trail guides, and other resources even when you’re outside the realm of cellular or data coverage. And if you’ve got the bug for wild places—and we imagine that describes an awful lot of our readership here at the Mountain House blog—you’re going to find yourself outside of that realm more than once.

A Quick (but Important) Caveat Off the Bat

Don’t rely on your smartphone alone for backcountry navigation (or emergency signaling, or anything else for that matter). These gadgets—and the apps below—aren’t replacements for hard-copy topographic maps and a compass. Digital technology (and batteries) can and will malfunction, so you’re going to want some good old-fashioned backup at the ready in the event the screen goes screwy or altogether blank. And learning to use both compass and GPS hiking app—they’re complementary resources, after all—will deepen your navigational prowess, not to mention your appreciation for the ground you’ve covered and the terrain around you.

So, without further ado, here are some of our absolute fave outdoor navigation apps!

1. ViewRanger Skyline (for ios, android)

ViewRanger Skyline uses your smartphone camera to conjure up an annotated real-time view of your surroundings. The app labels the peaks, passes, rivers, lakes, and other topographic features you’re looking at through the viewfinder: an easy and awesome way to center yourself on the landscape. Skyline also overlays your waypoints as well as navigational arrows right onto the image, revealing direction and distance to destinations and key landmarks.

As long as you download maps for your area ahead of time, you can navigate (and I.D. the terrain) with ViewRanger Skyline when you’re away from coverage.

two mobile phones showing viewranger skyline features

2. Backcountry Navigator (for Android)

backcountry navigator logo

Among the best hiking apps Android offers, Backcountry Navigator operates on both smartphones and tablets. With pre-downloaded maps, it works offline as an alternative to a traditional GPS: displaying topo charts, logging waypoints and routes, and much more.

mobile version of topo maps

3. Gaia GPS (for ios, android)

gaia gps map

For both iOS and Android, Gaia GPS makes another fantastic app with among the best offline navigation capabilities. Cross-reference between USGS/USFS maps, National Geographic Trails Illustrated maps, road maps, and satellite views; define pre-planned routes and chart your on-the-ground travels and waypoints; and link up geologged photos to document your journey.

4. Motion X GPS (for ios)

MOtion X GPS logo

Another premier GPS hiking app, Motion X GPS gives iOS users a full suite of navigational tools when they’re out trekking without the benefit (and burden) of data or cell coverage. You can pull up the app’s terrain and roadmaps as well as NOAA marine charts offline by downloading ahead of your trip.

Meanwhile, the app allows you to track your route, log statistics such as distance covered and elevation gained, and record waypoints and geologged pics.

5. Chimaini National Parks (for ios, android)

chimani logo

Some of the finest outdoor experiences to be had in the United States await, of course, in the country’s stellar network of national parks. With Chimaini (compatible with both iOS and Android systems), you get a GPS hiking app with onboard maps for each and every one of America’s 59 national parks—plus trail descriptions, points of interest, recommended destinations, overviews of services, and other handy-dandy information.

6. Outdoor Navigation (for Windows)

This ranks among the best offline navigation apps for Windows users, meanwhile. Download maps in advance and you can reference them out in the wilds—plus plan out routes, monitor your progress, tag points of interest with photos, and otherwise stay well oriented (and well documented) on the trail.

7. AllTrails (for ios, android)

With AllTrails, you have better than 50,000 trail maps at your fingertips (whether you’re using the iPhone or the Android): an excellent resource for dreaming up treks and then carrying them out with loads of navigational and informational support at your disposal. You can also customize maps to chronicle and share your own personal adventure.

So there you have it: some of the best hiking apps for Android, iOS, and Windows smartphone technology. Feel free to share your favorites with us, too!

Source https://www.alpinsider.com/gear/best-hiking-gps-apps

Source https://www.alpinsider.com/gear/best-hiking-gps-apps

Source https://mountainhouse.com/blogs/backpacking-hiking/best-offline-navigation-apps-hiking

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