No Widgets found in the Sidebar

# How does bungee jumping following the 1st law

#### Bydreamtravel

Oct 16, 2022

## How Bungee Jumping Defies the First Law

### Introduction

Bungee jumping, an adrenaline-pumping activity that involves leaping from a tall structure while attached to an elastic cord, is a mesmerizing spectacle that challenges our understanding of physics. At first glance, it seems to defy the first law of motion, which states that an object at rest will remain at rest, and an object in motion will remain in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.

### Bungee Jumping and the First Law

As a bungee jumper takes the plunge, they experience an initial downward acceleration due to the force of gravity, which is the unbalanced force acting upon them. This acceleration causes the jumper to pick up speed as they fall. However, as the jumper continues to descend, the elastic cord attached to their harness begins to stretch and provide an upward force that opposes the force of gravity.

### The Elastic Cord’s鐨勪綔鐢
The elastic cord plays a crucial role in contradicting the first law of motion. As it stretches, it stores elastic potential energy, which is the energy stored in the deformed object. This stored energy is then released as the cord recoils, providing an upward force on the jumper.

As the jumper reaches the lowest point of their fall, the upward force from the recoiling cord becomes greater than the downward force of gravity. This causes the jumper to decelerate and begin to ascend. The elastic cord continues to recoil until the jumper reaches their original height or until the cord reaches its maximum length.

Read Post  How to calculate g's from bungee jumping

### Free Fall vs. Rebound

During the free fall phase of bungee jumping, the jumper is only acted upon by the force of gravity, resulting in constant acceleration according to the first law. However, during the rebound phase, the jumper experiences two opposing forces: gravity and the upward force from the elastic cord.

The net force acting on the jumper determines their acceleration. If the upward force is greater than the downward force, the jumper will accelerate upward. If the downward force is greater, the jumper will continue to accelerate downward until the forces are equal, resulting in a constant velocity.

### Variations in Jump Height

The first law of motion also explains why bungee jumpers reach different heights with each jump. Factors such as the jumper’s weight, the length of the elastic cord, and the height of the jump tower influence the amount of elastic potential energy stored in the cord.

Heavier jumpers require more energy to lift, so they tend to bounce higher. Longer elastic cords allow for greater energy storage, resulting in higher jumps. Additionally, jumping from a higher elevation increases the initial gravitational potential energy, which translates into more elastic potential energy and a higher rebound.

### Conclusion

Bungee jumping showcases the interplay between forces and energy. While it appears to contradict the first law of motion, it actually demonstrates how the principles of physics are applied in a unique and exhilarating way. From the initial free fall to the spectacular rebound, bungee jumping is a testament to the dynamic nature of our physical world.